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  • Lelnik - April 22

    Lelnik

    Holiday "Lelnik" usually celebrated on April 22, the eve of St. George's Day (Egor vernal). These days are also called "Red Hill", because the site of action became a hill located near the village. It established a small wooden bench or turf. It planted the most beautiful girl, which played the role of Lyalya (Lely).

    Right and left of the girl on a hill on the bench fit offerings. Placed on one side of a loaf of bread, and on the other side there was a jug of milk, cheese, butter, eggs and sour cream. Laid out around the bench woven wreaths. Girls danced around the bench and sang folk songs, which glorify the deity as a nurse and provider of the next harvest. In the course of dancing and singing girl sitting on a bench at her friends wore wreaths. Sometimes after a holiday bonfire on the hill (oleliyu) around which also danced and sang songs.

    For the modern man the name associated with the tale Lelia A. Ostrovsky's "Snow Maiden", where Lel is represented as a beautiful young man playing the flute. The folk songs Lel is feminine character - Lola, and key stakeholders, the holiday dedicated to him, were girls.

    It is significant that in the rituals dedicated to Lely, always absent funeral motif present in other summer festivals, such as mermaid week and Day of Ivan Kupala.

    In the spring rites throughout the entire Slavonic widely used various magical acts with eggs. Throughout the spring occurred coloring eggs - "Easter eggs", "krashenok" - and a variety of games with them. Easter church calendar largely overshadowed the archaic nature of the ceremonies connected with the eggs, but the content of painting Easter eggs takes us into deep antiquity. There is a heaven and deer, and the picture of the world, and many ancient symbols of life and fertility. In ethnographic museums are thousands Easter eggs, which are the most popular legacy of pagan notions.

    Eggs, as painted and white, played a major role in the rituals of spring: exit at the first plowing was made "with salt, bread, egg white", an egg smashed on the horse's head or ox plowing, egg and cookie-cross were required attribute ceremonies at sowing. Often the eggs buried in the ground, rolling around on the field, sowed zhitom. Eggs are laid under the feet of cattle at pasture on St. George's Day and lelnik, put in the crib gate to the cattle stepped over them, with eggs avoided cattle and gave them to the shepherd.