In "The Tale of Bygone Years" chronicler Nestor Veles calls "cattle god", the patron saint of animals. Perhaps this monk did not know the pre-Christian mythology Russ or tried to downplay his son Rod, brother of Svarog.
God Veles - one of the great gods of the ancient world. His main offense was that he brought the created Svarog Rod and move the world. Day follows night was, inevitably followed by a winter spring, summer and autumn, a breath - breath, after sorrow - joy. It was not a monotonous repetition of the same cycle, and learning the basics of life. People learned to overcome difficulties and appreciate happiness. Kolovraschenie occurs on higher law the right after the movement of the sun across the sky - Posolon. Guiding force is the Great Love to help in testing. It is this power of the Italian poet Dante wrote the "Divine Comedy": "The love that moves the sun and the light."
A symbol of the movement from darkness to light, from Navi through Reality to the right, is a sign of solstice, or in Sanskrit - the swastika. It is very important to know where to aim the curved beams solstice: if the upper beam of looking to the left, then the movement will go "clockwise" - Posolon - from left to right, to the right.
If the upper end of the Swastika turned to the right, the movement of life will go back - Osolon, "clockwise" from the world of the gods - right, the black Navi monastery Chernobog, Sedunov and Dyje. This character is a "coat of arms" forces of darkness. The man next to the evil from the good, there will be more sour, duck heart. No wonder that in our days, we spit three times over your left shoulder, for which there is an evil force, but a good business say that it is right, that is correct.
This law gave the world the proper motion Veles. It is recorded in the sacred "Book of Veles" ("Book of Veles"). A mention of him, talking to people Magi, the ministers of the great (the word is derived from the name of Veles) god. Thus, Veles was not only an assistant in real life, but the original, vechnozhivuschim sage and teacher of the Law.
Vast, ornate temples Veles were in many places of the Russian land: near Novgorod, in other places of the Russian North, Rostov and Kiev. In the Christian era has been replaced by the cult of Veles honoring the patron saint of animals Vlas. In Novgorod, on the site of the former temple Volosova paved street. In Rostov, erected a church of St. Blaise. In Ukraine, winter holidays and Mardi Gras maskers can be found - the people in the "hairy" fur outside, coats and horned masks. This is all that's left of the holidays Veles.
Probably, Veles and giver of wealth (in cattle, the main wealth of nomadic tribes - the "god beast" ("On Vladimir's idols") and, later, just god of wealth, which is earned by labor for life. There is every reason to believe that Veles enforces laws and treaties, he is a father and sensible truth, like Hermes and Odin.
The mention in the agreement of Veles, next to Perun - patron of the Prince and guards, not by accident. Mercury Germans also called paired with warlike Mars. It is no coincidence here sacral pair - wise, old, not very positive in the Christian sense of the word "cattle god" and a strong, young warrior-ruler.
Despite the clear attributes of blackness Veles as Odin, Mercury and Hermes - the god of science and wisdom. In "The Lay of Igor's Campaign" is "Chi Do eulogized was prophetic Bojan, Veles vnuche ...". Found his name and later on writing ritual texts Macedonian Bulgarians, the so-called "Veda Slavs" in ed. Verkovich (IV, 5.5-13). In Baltic mythology black god called Vielonoy, Velnsom or Wells, which actually means "devil", "devil" - is a constant opponent of Thunder and the owner of the dead, the jester and trickster. Quite apparent identity of the name and likeness of the image with the Slavic Veles.
In Christian apocryphal "Walking the Virgin of sorrows," Veles directly named demon, but he called and "evil god", much like a Chernobog Gelmolda in "Slavic Chronicle" (meaning that the gods were good, we draw attention to the plural): Pagans "are those that are called gods, the sun and the moon, earth and water, animals and reptiles, who gave the hardness of their gods names, like people, and those who worshiped Utriya, Troy, Horsa, Veles, turning demons into gods. In these evil gods people believed."
Next to him, Veles, in the list are Trojan, according to the Serbian legends wary of sunlight and having a giant goat ears and Horse. "Lay" indicates a certain way Horsa night because Vseslav scoured the image of the wolf is at night.
Czechs, even accepting Christianity, remember Veles, as one of the most powerful "demons" sacrificed his black chickens and pigeons. In "The Word of St. Gregory," said the worship of the Slavs "Animal God and poputniku and forest god." That is Veles - god of cattle, protector of travelers, the god of forests.
On the blackness of Veles evidenced by the absence of its pillars in the pantheon of Prince Vladimir, the pillar of Veles stood separately, not on the hill, and the Hem. Meanwhile, Burke and Welles in Kiev with Vladimir, sending to the underworld by the river, that is, do not freak out and bury the old god.
This, supposedly, Vladimir sent Veles as hitherto and Perun, a voyage into the realm of the dead. Give rest, therefore, the two most famous Slavic gods. However, much later in Rostov stone idol of Veles collapse.
Most probably we can say that Veles - vodchy and shepherd the dead as his counterparts Balta as Saint Nicholas.
"He runs a river of fire, river of fire through guelder rose bridge, by the Kalinov Most people are old mother, is in the hands of the golden saucer silver feather ... lowers the servant of God with seventy diseases." God is a werewolf, master of magic and secret ruler crossroads navy god, as we have shown in our previous work, where to be a functional analysis of images of Thoth, Hermes, Mercury, Odin, Veles. One of his names Mokos - husband Mokos, the goddess of fate (we know of at least four-remembrance Mokosh Mokosa in male) - so he and Veles, acting in fairy tales, as an old man with guiding a ball - the god of luck. Note that in the Indo-European tradition, the gods have similar names, and had similar functions. For example, the Roman Lares, Russian Mavka, mermaids, Roman faun Faun and the Indian Aditya etc.
The word priilmenskih, Volos-Veles probably acted also as the Lizard and Volkhov. Honoring fell on December 19 - Nikol Merman Volkhov Volkhov Volhovets - also the son of the Lizard, God-werewolf, the god of hunting and prey like Veles, probably the owner of water, and perhaps the patron of soldiers, an indication it is in "The Tale of Campaign ", the epics of Volkhov Vseslavich and SADC, the First Novgorod Chronicle, as Vuk-Fiery Serpent described the Serbs. Ancestor - Grey Wolf prophetic of Russian fairy tales. Person of Veles. Day is commemorated in central Russia on October 2, is the beginning of the hunting season. Volosyni - wife of Veles, the constellation of the Pleiades according I.I.Sreznevskomu (they Vlasozhelischi, Baba), with reference to his work Nikitin "Journey Beyond Three Seas": "yes Volosyni Cola Bb Zorya entered a moose head stoit the east." Volosozhar - the Milky Way - "Veles chesavsya and hair scattered." According to ancient ideas (Egyptians, Germans, Slavs), the universe emerged from a celestial cow. Milky Way - her milk. Veles - son Cow Universe. Elk - Big Dipper - the palaces of Veles.
- "Cattle god" - the owner of the Wild.
- Vodchy on all the roads, Mr. Ways, the patron of all travelers.
- Navi master, ruler unknown, the black god.
- Posthumous judge and lifetime test.
- Mighty magician and master of magic, a werewolf.
- Patron of trade, the mediator in the contracts and commentators.
- Giver of wealth.
- Patron who know art teacher, including skaldic.
- God luck.
Veles day - Wednesday, stone - opal or obsidian, metal - lead or mercury, wood - spruce, pine, walnut or ash (yew), that one should make amulets, wands, idols and other items associated with the cult of Veles. Mifoobraz northern god wizard, of course, is somewhat different than in Southern Tradition. Places the device victims Veles and dedications to him are thick coniferous forests. Often impassable with trees and brushwood poklyapymi, Veles volohat like mosses and lichens, yes, and fungi may put him or put an idol is required on the fork and the crossroads of three forest roads. Three evergreen trees (pine often - hence the "get lost in broad daylight") and ant - also marks the Veles. If on the plains - the same crossroads, but with a lone tree or a stone at them.
At the houses of Veles could hinge not only letters with the letters, as in the legend, as well as livestock skull or antlers. Probably himself crowned idol Veles horns - and even here his identification with Satan, or the curve of the stick. Veles sacrificed copper, for he - the god of prosperity and well-being, hair and fur, and poured beer and kvass - those drinks that he taught people to prepare for one of the legends. Image idols of Veles may contain images of the same horn (or be horny) and the head of a man dead in the hand of God. Idols Veles according D.Gromova reconstruction, is not on the top of hills, and on the slope or in a valley, close to the water. His Veles, days celebrated a solemn December 22-24, December 31, 2 and 6 January - in the days of St. Nicholas Winter, February 24, asked "cattle god" get myself Horn of Winter. Also honored him in the days of celebration of St. Nicholas Spring - May 22 (Yarilin day Semik). July 12 - when you put the first sheaf and start mowing zagotavlivaya hay for livestock. Between 18 and 20 August at Veles curled lock retracted the "'s beard" - Nikolina beard.
Throughout the centuries pagan tradition of confrontation of the Black and White God continues and manifests itself at all levels. First - Old - appeasing nature, the second - Young - it revives, and with it the revolt itself, full of energy. In the spring a young replaces the old and new changes the same. Then the cycle repeats itself, and it will be forever.